International Court of Justice
International Court of Justice (1947- )
JX 1971.6 H14 P72 online source: ICJ website, cases section
Permanent Court of International Justice (1921-1946)
JX 1971.5 H14a/b online source: ICJ website, PCIJ section
The International Criminal Court (ICC), governed by the Rome Statute, is the first permanent, treaty based, international criminal court established to help end impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community. Website, Legal Texts, Legal Tools, Situations and Cases,
Human Rights Bodies
Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights & European Commission of Human Rights
Organization of American States: Inter-American Court of Human Rights & Inter-American Commission on Human Rights
United Nations Human Rights Committee
United Nations Committee Against Torture
Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination
Committee on the Rights of the Child
online source: UN OHCHR Jurisprudence website
Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
The Committee cannot consider individual complaints, although a draft Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights is under consideration which could give the Committee competence in this regard. More information on this protocol as well as other materials can be obtained from the CESCR website and the SIM UNCOM database.
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women
Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
online source: SIM CCPR database
Other International Judicial Bodies
World Trade Organization Panels & Appellate Body
United Nations Compensation Commission
International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes
online source: ICSID Cases
International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea
NAFTA Panel Reviews & Decisions
African Commission on Human and People's Rights
The African Charter established the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. The Commission was inaugurated on 2 November 1987 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The Commission’s Secretariat has subsequently been located in Banjul, The Gambia.
In addition to performing any other tasks which may be entrusted to it by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government, the Commission is officially charged with three major functions:
African Court on Human and People's Rights
The African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights (the Court) is a continental court established by Member States of the African Union to ensure the protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa. The Court was established by virtue of Article 1 of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Establishment of an African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the Protocol). (From the Website)
African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child
The African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child draws its mandate from articles 32-46 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, which was adopted by the Heads of State and Government of the OAU on 11th July 1990 and came into force on 29th November 1999.
The Charter provides for the Establishment of an African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child consisting of 11 members.
The IACHR is a principal and autonomous organ of the Organization of American States (“OAS”) whose mission is to promote and protect human rights in the American hemisphere. It is composed of seven independent members who serve in a personal capacity. Created by the OAS in 1959, the Commission has its headquarters in Washington, D.C. Together with the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (“the Court” or “the I/A Court H.R.), installed in 1979, the Commission is one of the institutions within the inter-American system for the protection of human sights (“IAHRS”). (From Homepage)
Inter-American Court of Human Rights
The Inter-American Court of Human Rights, in San José, Costa Rica, is an autonomous judicial institution of the Organization of American States established in 1979, and whose objective is the application and interpretation of the American Convention on Human Rights and other treaties concerning this same matter.
Inter-American Commission on Women
Established in 1928, the Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM) was the first inter-governmental agency established to ensure recognition of women's human rights. CIM is made up of 34 Delegates, one for each OAS Member State, and has become the principal forum for debating and formulating policy on women's rights and gender equality in the Americas.
European Union : Human Rights
Activities of the European Commission - Human Rights (From website)
Council of Europe Commissioner of Human Rights
The fundamental objectives of the Commissioner for Human Rights are laid out in Resolution (99) 50 on the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights. According to this resolution, the Commissioner is mandated to:
European Court of Human Rights
The European Court of Human Rights is an international court set up in 1959. It rules on individual or State applications alleging violations of the civil and political rights set out in the European Convention on Human Rights. (From Website)
United Nations: Official Sources
United Nations Human Rights Bodies each produce documentation. The links below with direct you to the appropriate online resources for both Charter bodies and Treaty bodies.
Charter Based Bodies
Treaty Based Bodies
World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance (Durban II) August 31 - September 7, 2001
10th Anniversary of the Durban Declaration and Program of Action (Durban III)