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International Law

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Courts / Tribunals : By Topic

Courts

International Court of Justice

International Court of Justice (1947- )
   JX 1971.6 H14 P72 online source: ICJ website, cases section
Permanent Court of International Justice
(1921-1946)
   JX 1971.5 H14a/b online source: ICJ website, PCIJ section

ICC/CPI

The International Criminal Court (ICC), governed by the Rome Statute, is the first permanent, treaty based, international criminal court established to help end impunity for the perpetrators of the most serious crimes of concern to the international community. Website, Legal Texts, Legal Tools, Situations and Cases,

War Tribunals

Nuremberg Tribunal

Tokyo Tribunal

Yugoslavia Tribunal

Rwanda Tribunal

The Special Court for Sierra Leone and the Residual Special Court for Sierra Leone

http://www.rscsl.org/

Special Tribunal for Lebanon

http://www.stl-tsl.org

Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia

http://www.eccc.gov.kh/en

 

Human Rights Bodies

Council of Europe: European Court of Human Rights & European Commission of Human Rights

Organization of American States: Inter-American Court of Human Rights & Inter-American Commission on Human Rights

United Nations Human Rights Committee

United Nations Committee Against Torture

online sources: UN OHCHR Jurispridence website, SIM CAT database,
   University of Minnesota Human Rights Library website

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

online sources: UN OHCHR Jurisprudence website, SIM CERD database

Committee on the Rights of the Child

online source: UN OHCHR Jurisprudence website 

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights

The Committee cannot consider individual complaints, although a draft Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights is under consideration which could give the Committee competence in this regard. More information on this protocol as well as other materials can be obtained from the CESCR website and the SIM UNCOM database.

Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women

online sources: UN OHCHR Jurisprudence website, SIM CEDAW database

Covenant on Civil and Political Rights

online source: SIM CCPR database

Arbitration Tribunals

Other International Judicial Bodies

World Trade Organization Panels & Appellate Body

United Nations Compensation Commission

International Centre for the Settlement of Investment Disputes

online source: ICSID Cases

International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea

NAFTA Panel Reviews & Decisions

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Courts/Tribunals: By Region

African Commission on Human and People's Rights

Commission Homepage

The African Charter established the African Commission on Human and Peoples’ Rights. The Commission was inaugurated on 2 November 1987 in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The Commission’s Secretariat has subsequently been located in Banjul, The Gambia.

In addition to performing any other tasks which may be entrusted to it by the Assembly of Heads of State and Government, the Commission is officially charged with three major functions:

  • the protection of human and peoples' rights
  • the promotion of human and peoples' rights
  • the interpretation of the African Charter on Human and Peoples' Rights

Weblinks

 

 


African Court on Human and People's Rights

 

Court Homepage

The African Court on Human and Peoples' Rights (the Court) is a continental court established by Member States of the African Union to ensure the protection of human and peoples’ rights in Africa. The Court was  established by virtue of Article 1 of the Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples’ Rights on the Establishment of an African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights (the Protocol). (From the Website)

 


African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child

 

Committee Homepage

The African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child draws its mandate from articles 32-46 of the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child, which was adopted by the Heads of State and Government of the OAU on 11th July 1990 and came into force on 29th November 1999.

The Charter provides for the Establishment of an African Committee of Experts on the Rights and Welfare of the Child consisting of 11 members.

Homepage

The IACHR is a principal and autonomous organ of the Organization of American States (“OAS”) whose mission is to promote and protect human rights in the American hemisphere. It is composed of seven independent members who serve in a personal capacity. Created by the OAS in 1959, the Commission has its headquarters in Washington, D.C. Together with the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (“the Court” or “the I/A Court H.R.), installed in 1979, the Commission is one of the institutions within the inter-American system for the protection of human sights (“IAHRS”). (From Homepage)


Inter-American Court of Human Rights

Homepage

The Inter-American Court of Human Rights, in San José, Costa Rica, is an autonomous judicial institution of the Organization of American States established in 1979, and whose objective is the application and interpretation of the American Convention on Human Rights and other treaties concerning this same matter. 

Jurisprudence

Instruments

Publications


Inter-American Commission on Women

Homepage

Established in 1928, the Inter-American Commission of Women (CIM) was the first inter-governmental agency established to ensure recognition of women's human rights. CIM is made up of 34 Delegates, one for each OAS Member State, and has become the principal forum for debating and formulating policy on women's rights and gender equality in the Americas.

 

Legal Framework

Library

Democracy / Citizenship

 

 

 

European Union : Human Rights

Activities of the European Commission - Human Rights (From website)

 


Council of Europe Commissioner of Human Rights

Commissioner Homepage

The fundamental objectives of the Commissioner for Human Rights are laid out in Resolution (99) 50 on the Council of Europe Commissioner for Human Rights. According to this resolution, the Commissioner is mandated to:

  • foster the effective observance of human rights, and assist member states in the implementation of Council of Europe human rights standards;
  • promote education in and awareness of human rights in Council of Europe member states;
  • identify possible shortcomings in the law and practice concerning human rights;
  • facilitate the activities of national ombudsperson institutions and other human rights structures; and
  • provide advice and information regarding the protection of human rights across the region.

Documents

 


European Court of Human Rights

Court Homepage

The European Court of Human Rights is an international court set up in 1959. It rules on individual or State applications alleging violations of the civil and political rights set out in the European Convention on Human Rights. (From Website)

Basic Documents

United Nations: Official Sources

 

United Nations Human Rights Bodies each produce documentation. The links below with direct you to the appropriate online resources for both Charter bodies and Treaty bodies.


Charter Based Bodies

Charter-based bodies:

  • derive their establishment from provisions contained in the Charter of the United Nations,
  • hold broad human rights mandates,
  • address an unlimited audience, and
  • take action based on majority voting.

Treaty Based Bodies

Treaty-based bodies:

  • derive their existence from provisions contained in a specific legal instrument,
  • hold more narrow mandates (i.e., the set of issues codified in the legal instrument),
  • address a limited audience (i.e., only those countries that have ratified the legal instrument), and
  • base their decision-making on consensus.

Conferences

World Conference against Racism, Racial Discrimination, Xenophobia and Related Intolerance (Durban II) August 31 - September 7, 2001

10th Anniversary of the Durban Declaration and Program of Action (Durban III)

 

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